30个重要英语句型(包罗词汇,短语和语法解释)!

时间:2022-02-13 00:39

本文摘要:1. as…as 和……一样中间必须用形容词或副词原级。例如:This classroom is as big as that one.这间课堂和那间一样大。He runs as fast as Tom. 他和汤姆跑的一样快。 否认结构:not as/so…as,“不如……”。上面的两个句子可划分改为:This classroom is not as/so large as that one.这间课堂不如那间大。

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1. as…as 和……一样中间必须用形容词或副词原级。例如:This classroom is as big as that one.这间课堂和那间一样大。He runs as fast as Tom. 他和汤姆跑的一样快。

否认结构:not as/so…as,“不如……”。上面的两个句子可划分改为:This classroom is not as/so large as that one.这间课堂不如那间大。He doesn’t run as/so fast as Tom.他跑得不如汤姆快。2. as soon as 一……就……用来引导时间状语从句。

若主句是一般未来时,从句要用一般现在时。例如:I’ll tell him the plan as soon as I see him.我一看到他就告诉他这个计划。

He’ll go home as soon as he finishes his work.他一完成事情就回家。3.be busy/enjoy/hate/go on/finish doing sth. 忙于/喜欢/讨厌/继续/完成做某事在enjoy, finish, hate, go on, be busy等词语后,一般用动词-ing形式作宾语。

例如:Lin Tao is busy making a model plane.林涛正忙着做飞机模型。My mother enjoys taking a walk after supper.我妈妈喜欢晚饭后散步。I hate watching Channel Five.我讨厌看五频道。When someone asked him to have a rest, he just went on working.当有人让他休息一会儿时,他仍继续事情。

I have finished writing the story.我已经写完了故事。4.fill…with 用……装满......;be filled with 充满了……;be full of 充满了......①be filled with 说明由外界事物造成的此种状态,表现被动。例如:The box is filled with food.盒子里装满了食物。

②be full of说明主语处于的状态。此外,还可表现水平,意为“很是”。例如:The patient’s room is full of flowers.谁人病人的房间摆满了花。

The young man is full of pride.谁人年轻人很是自满。③这两种结构还可以相互改写。例如:I fill the box with food. The box is full of food.5.be good/bad for 有利于/有害于……此句型是:be+adj.+for+n.结构。

例如:Doing morning exercises is good for your health.做早操对你的康健有益。Always playing computer games is bad for your study.总玩电脑游戏对你的学习倒霉。6. be used to(doing) sth. 习惯于……后必须接名词或动名词,可用于现在、已往、未来的多种时态。

be 可用get,become来取代。例如:He is used to life in the country.(He is used to living in the country.)他习惯于乡村生活。He will get used to getting up early.他将会习惯于早起。注意:be used to do 的意思是“被用来做……”。

例如:Wood is used to make paper.木料被用来造纸。7. both…and…两者都……用来毗连两个并列身分;当毗连两个并列主语时,其后谓语动词用复数。

例如:Both the students and the teachers will go to the History Museum tomorrow.岂论老师还是学生明天都市去历史博物馆。8. can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事help在此的意思是“抑制,忍住”,其后接动词-ing形式。

例如:His joke is too funny. We can’t help laughing.他的笑话太有趣了,我们禁不止笑了起来9. sth. costs sb. some money 某物花费某人几多钱此句型的主语是物。cost一词带的是双宾语,它的已往式、已往分词和原型一样。This book cost me five yuan.这本书花了我五元钱。10. either…or… 不是……就是……,或者……或者……用来毗连两个并列身分,当毗连并列主语时,谓语动词与相近的主语保持一致。

You may either stay here or go home.你可以呆在这儿,也可以回家。Either she or I am right. = Either I or she is right.不是她对就是我对。

11.enough (for sb.) to do sth. 足够……做……在此结构中,for用来引出不定式的逻辑主语。例如:The ice isn’t thick enough for you to walk on.这冰还没有厚到你可以在上面走的水平。12. feel like doing sth. 想要做……此处like为介词,后面跟动词-ing形式。

此句型与would like to do sth.同义。例如:I feel like drinking a cup of milk.我想喝一杯牛奶。

13. feel/find/think it adj./n. to do sth. 认为某事……在此结构中it为形式宾语,不定式短语作真正的宾语。例如:I find it very interesting to play football.我发现踢足球很有趣。She thinks it her duty to help us.她认为资助我们是她的职责。

14. get ready for sth./ to do sth.get ready for sth.意为“为某事做准备”;get ready to do sth.意为“准备做某事”例如:We are getting ready for the meeting.我们正在为集会做准备。They were getting ready to have a sports meet at that moment.他们那时正准备开运动会。

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15. get/receive/have a letter from 收到……的来信相当于hear from 例如:Did you receive a letter from John?你收到约翰的来信了吗?I got a letter from my brother yesterday.我昨天收到了我弟弟的一封来信。16. had better (not) do sth. 最好(别)做某事had better为情态动词,其后需用动词原形。had better常用缩写,酿成’d better,其否认形式是在其后直接加not。例如:We had better go now. = We’d better go now.我们最好现在走吧。

You’d better not go out because it is windy.今天起风,你最好别出去了。17. have sth. done 使(某事)完成 (行动由别人完成)sth.为宾语,done为已往分词作补语。例如:We had the machine repaired.我们请人把机械修好了。

注意区分:We have repaired the machine. 我们(自己)已经修好了机械。18.help sb. (to) do sth./with sth. 资助某人(做)某事其中的to可以省略。

例如:I often help my mother with housework.我经常资助妈妈做家务。Would you please help me (to) look up these words?请你资助我查查这些词好吗?19. How do you like……? 你认为……怎么样?与what do you think of …?同义。例如:How do you like the weather in Beijing?你认为北京的天气怎么样? 你以为这部新影戏如何?20. I don’t think/believe that… 我认我/相信……不……其中的not是对宾语从句举行否认而不是对主句否认(否认前移)。

that可省略。例如:I don’t think it will rain.我认为天不会下雨。

I don’t believe the girl will come.我相信那女孩不会来了。21. It happens that… 碰巧……相当于happen to do。例如:It happened that I heard their secret.可改写为:I happened to hear their secret.我碰巧听到了他们的秘密。

22. It’s/has been +一段时间+since从句 自从某时起做某件事情已经一段时间了该句型中since引导的时间状语从句常用一般已往时。例如:It’s twenty years since he came here.他来这里已经20年了。It has been six years since he married Mary.他和玛丽完婚已经六年了。

23. It is +adj./n. + for sb. to do sth. 做某事对某人来说……It是形式主语,真正的主语是不定式to do sth。例如:It’s not easy for us to study English well.对我们来说学好英语并不容易。It’s a good idea for us to travel to the south.去南方旅行对我们来说是个好主意。24. It’s + adj. + of sb. to do sth.It是形式主语,to do sth.是真正的主语, 当表语(即形容词)能对逻辑主语形貌时,常用介词of,而不用for。

例如:It’s very polite of you to give your seat to old people.你给老人让座,很是有礼貌。25. It seems/appears (to sb) that… (在某人看来)似乎……此句中的it是主语,that引导的是表语从句。例如:It seems that he is lying. 看样子他似乎是在撒谎。

It appears to me that he never smiles. 在我看来,他从来没有笑过。26. It is +数词+metres/kilometers long/wide… ……是几多米(公里)长(宽)用来表现物体的长(宽,高),如数词大于一,名词要用复数。例如:It is 20 metres long from this end to that end. 从这端到那端有二十米长。

27. It’s time for sb. to do sth. 是某人干某事的时候了it是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth. 例如:It’s time for the child to go to bed.孩子该睡觉了。比力下面两种结构:① It’s time for + n. 例如:It’s time for school.②It’s time to do sth. 例如:It’s time to go to school.28. It takes sb. some time to do sth. 花费某人几多时间做某事it是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式to do sth。例如:It takes her fifteen minutes to walk to the bus stop from here.从这儿走着到公交车站将花费她15分钟。It took the old man three days to finish the work.谁人老人花了三天时间完成这项事情。

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29. keep (on) doing sth. 一直坚持做某事keep doing sth.一般用于静态动词。keep on doing sth.意为“络绎不绝地做某事”,一般用于动态动词,但二者的区别并不是很严格,有时可以交换。

例如:Don’t keep on doing such foolish things.不要再做这样的傻事了。He kept sitting there all day.他整天坐在那里。

30. keep…from doing sth. 阻止......做某事相当于stop…from doing sth., prevent…from doing sth. 在主动句中,stop和prevent后面的from可以省略,但在被动结构中,from不行以省略。例如:Please keep the children from swimming in the sea.请别让孩子到海里游泳。The big noise outside my room stopped me from doing my homework.屋外庞大的噪音使我不能做作业声明:泉源于网络!。


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